Balls are made from many different varities of Stainless Steel. They are used for application where prevention of rust is desirable. They are also use for areas where non-magnetic properties are called for. They are produced using extremely sophisticated and specialized machines.
Starting from the rigorous testing of the wire for all necessary parameters, balls are produced in specially designed machines called Header, Flasher, Grinder and Lapper. Heat treatment is one of the most critical operations which gives required strength & hardness. It makes the balls tough and wear resistant. Apart from intermediate vigil at all operations, for all quality parameters, finished products are also tested with extremely sophisticated equipments to ensure right quality of BALCO Balls.

Stainless steel balls are available in :-

302 Stainless steel balls 

304 Stainless steel balls 

316 Stainless steel balls 

420 Stainless steel balls 

440 Stainless steel balls 


Steel Ball Sizes
Steel Ball Grades
Steel Ball Applications
No of Balls per /Kg



AISI 420 C


0.28 - 0.36%


12.0 - 14.0%

Chromium 0.8% max.
Manganese 10.%
35 HRC
10 & Above

420 C balls offer good hardness & surface finish. They are generally used for all applications requiring corrosion resistance to water. Steam water, air, gasoline. Not recommended for applications requiring resistance to most chemical solutions.

AISI 440 C
Carbon 0.95-1.20%
Chromium 16.0-18.0%
Silicon 1.00%
Manganese 1.0% max.
Phosphorus 0.040%
Sulfur 0.30%
Molybdenum 0.075%
58 To 65 HRC
10 & Above 

440 C balls afford the advantage of maximum hardness combined with corrosion- resistance properties. The hardness together with accuracy and fine surface finish, makes them especially used for both bearing & valve application & other severe applications.

AISI 302
Carbon 0.15% max
Manganese 2.00% max
Phosphorus 0.045% max
Sulfur 0.030% max
Silicon 1.00% max
Chromium 17.00 to 1900%
Nickle 8.00 to 10.00%
Nitrogen 0.10% max
Copper type HQ) 3.00 to 4.00%
25-39 HRC OR 140-160 HB
48 & Above

Austenistic unhardened stainless steel balls with excellent toughness and resistance to corrosion by such agents as oxidizing solutions, most organic chemicals, food stuffs and sterilizing solutions. They have non-magnetic properties.

AISI 304
Carbon 0.07% max
Silicon  1.00% max
Manganese 2.00% max
Phosphorus 0.045% max
Sulfur 0.030% max
Chromium 17.00 to 20.00% max
Molybdenum ----------
Nickel  8.50 to 10.50% max
25-39 HRC  OR 140-160 HB 
48 & Above

As above but with Lower carbon content.

AISI 316
Carbon 0.08%% max
Manganese 2.00% max
Phosphorus 0.45% max
Sulfur 0.030% max
Silicon 1.00% max
Chromium 16.00 to 18.00%
Nickel 10.00 to 14.00% max
Nitrogen 0.10% max
Copper (type HQ) 2.00 to 3.00%
25-39 HRC  OR 140-160 HB
24 & Above

Austenitic unhardened stainless steel balls as above but with increased nickel and addition of molybdenum. This is giving much better corrosion resistance to strong acids (sulfuric, phosphoric & acetic). Can be used to elevated temperatures.


Important Links

Grades of balls

   No of Balls per /Kg

Burnishing Applications I.S. 2898 (INDIA),I.S.O. 3290 Standard, G.B 308 (G.B)
  How Balls  are made ANSI/AFBMA- (USA),  
    AFNOR NF E 22-381 - (FRANCE)
    DIN 5401 (GERMANY)

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